Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Theological Studies (MTS)


This paper examines metaphors for the Holy Spirit that occur in Roman Catholic sources, including the scriptures, non-canonical early Christian writings, the work of several medieval theologians, the current catechism, and a contemporary hymnal. The metaphors are grouped according to the function of the Spirit captured by each, in groupings that describe the Spirit’s work in creating, revealing, inspiring, nurturing and unifying. The author identifies the wealth of metaphors available in Catholic teaching, and analyzes a common source for contemporary liturgical music, finding that the spectrum of metaphors found there does not reflect this abundance. A new metaphor of Holy Spirit as symphony conductor is proposed and developed to symbolize the activity of the Spirit in the modern world.


A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Theological Studies.